The Social Welfare Indicators (SWI) was first developed by the Ministry of Social Services and Development (MSSD) in 1980 under Deputy Minister Ms. Sylvia P. Montes. It was formulated based on a study of field workers’ experiences in assisting individuals and needy families uplift their lives from stagnation and degradation to a level befitting dignified human beings.

To measure the progress of upliftment, the MSSD identified three levels of family well–being: Survival, Subsistence and Self-Sufficiency. There are two major indicators of family well-being -economic sufficiency and social adequacy. Economic sufficiency is measured by three variables: 1) employment/job; 2) income; and 3) social security membership.  Social adequacy is measured by eight main variables: 1) health; 2) nutrition; 3) sanitation; 4) hygiene; 5) housing and other living conditions; 6) educational status of household members; 7) social – cultural; and 8) role performance. A score matrix is used to determine the level of well-being of a client/household by getting the average of the actual scores of the indicators.

MSSD Social Welfare Indicators Notes from Assistant Bureau Director Paz Sarino